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Industries ➭ Steam
The steam industry and its importance in industrial processes.
What is the importance of using steam?
Industrial steam is of great importance in many manufacturing processes.
Industrial steam is the most efficient, clean, reliable and sterile form of steam to transfer heat to the equipment and different applications needed for industrial processes.
Thanks to its multiple characteristics, excellent results are obtained in sterilisation, heating, motor applications (impulse and movement), atomisation, cleaning, hydration, drying and humidification applications.
At ZAES, as a manufacturer of safety relief valves, needle valves and instrumentation accessories, we offer a wide range of solutions to ensure the highest efficiency in industrial steam applications.
The most common uses of steam in manufacturing are:
Sometimes steam is used to achieve hydration while providing heat.
Examples include hydration in the manufacture of paper, so that it does not break while moving at high speed in the rolls, or the hydration of foodstuffs to achieve firmer shapes that do not break in the process.
As a "motive" force, steam performs well in moving liquid and gaseous fluids in pipelines.
Other applications include vacuum generation in process equipment such as distillation equipment for purification and separation of process fluids.
of momentum and movement
Steam is widely used in steam turbines (essential for electricity generation) to improve efficiency, at pressures to 250 bar abs (3625 psia), 610°C (1130°F), and prevent damage.
It is also commonly used in gas compressors, pumps for cooling towers, etc.
In surface cleaning, steam is a great ally and in industrial applications it is useful in cyclic cleaning processes such as those required in industrial furnaces and combustion tanks.
In colder climate zones, many industrial applications use saturated steam at low pressures as the predominant heat source for heating and humidification in heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems.
By means of the process called steam atomisation we achieve the mechanical separation of fluids. For example, in oil-fired boilers and steam generators, we use this process to separate viscous oil into small droplets, thus enabling more efficient combustion.
These are the best-selling products to the Steam industry
Quality of the steam
Why is it important to use quality steam in industrial processes?
It has been proven that steam transports heat very efficiently. When it is produced in the boiler and transported to the various processes in the plant via pipe lines, heat loss and condensation can occur, which reduces its efficiency.
During the process, the steam loses heat and condenses. To avoid these situations, we must install the appropriate elements in the line so that the pipes are kept in optimum conditions.
On the other hand, it is crucial to control the pressure since, in the use of saturated steam, the temperature of the steam depends directly on it.
The way to control the temperature correctly is to ensure that the steam does not carry moisture, as any trace of moisture can cause a drop in the temperature of the steam.